Considerations regarding the bronze tablet discovered at Polovragi

Corina Nicolae1,
Bogdan Constantinescu2,
1Romanian National History Museum, Bucharest, România
2National Institute of Nuclear Physics and Engineering "Horia Hulubei" - Bucharest-Măgurele, România

In 1977 was announced the discovery of a bronze tablet in the vicinity of the Gaeto-Dacian site from Polovragi, tablet that raised several discussions regarding its dating and manufacturers. At the present, the tablet is part of the permanent exhibition from the National Military Museum, still having a mysterious history. The piece is decorated on both of its surfaces. On one side, we have a horsemen flanked by two human personages, while on the other side the artist represented a kantharos flanked by two birds. The piece was dated in the Gaeto-Dacian period, due to the fact that it was discovered in the vicinity of the above mentioned site. Nevertheless, the iconography of the tablet and the analyses performed by the National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering put a new light as regarding its dating. The XRF analysis revealed a lead-bronze composition, similar to previously analysed valuable Roman imperial (2-3-4th Centuries) items as an "acvila" - military insignia from Capidava (3rd Century AD) and a kantharos from Gornea - Banat (4th Century AD). Such composition was relatively rare (lack of tin souces) as compared with the abundence of cheaper brass (copper and zinc alloy) objects.